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Article Index
The ‘Our Father’ of My Childhood
The Contexts of the Story
The Historical Context of the Our Father
My Historical Context
Blending Contexts in an On-going History
Companions on the Way
The Word ‘Debt/Indebted’ in the Our Father
Main Focus on Luke 11:4
Usual Interpretation of ‘Sin’ and ‘Debt’
Larger Than Sin
Indebtedness in Jesus’ Historical Setting
Where has the Jubilee Year Gone?
Rabbi Hillel’s Prosbul
The Significance of the Word ‘Debt’
The Jubilee Year in the Lk 4:16-30
More Than Sin-Orientation: The Kingdom of God
Breaking Fixed or Petrified Perspectives
Re-reading Lk 11:4 Through Jesus’ Eyes
Re-reading Lk 11:4 Through the Eyes of an Awakened, Poor Jew
Re-reading Lk 11:4 in the Larger Context of Luke’s Gospel
Lk 18: 18-27: a Commentary on Luke’s ‘Our Father’.
Social Justice in the Larger Context of Luke-Acts
Re-reading Lk 11:4 in the Context of Acts 2 and 4
Re-reading Luke 11:4 in My Context
The Need for an Alternative Spirituality
Before We Part Ways: Time to Recharge and Refresh
As We Part
All Pages

We then move on to recover the word ‘debt’ or ‘indebted’ in the ‘Our Father’. We start by taking note of the following considerations which, if not clarified, may pose some problems along our journey:

Main Focus on Luke 11:4. The biblical accounts on the ‘Our Father’ are found in Matthew and Luke. This essay, however, is limited on focusing mainly on a verse of Luke’s version, particularly Lk 11:4 which goes: ??? ???? ???? ??? ???????? ????, ??? ??? ????? ??????? ????? ????????? ????· (And forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone indebted to us).

It is most likely that the ‘Our Father’ originated from Jesus himself, an original logion or ipssissimum verbum (authentic saying) of the historical Jesus, so to speak. Compared to Matthew’s, Luke’s account is generally closer to Jesus’ original version of the prayer. Luke, nonetheless, modified the line in Lk 11:4 which may have been stated in Jesus’ time as: And forgive us our debts as we also forgive our debtors.” Compared to this, Luke’s version, to repeat, is: “And forgive us our sins, for we ourselves forgive everyone indebted to us.” It is obvious that Luke modified the word ‘debt’ into ‘sin’ in the first clause, but he retained the concept of ‘debt’ by using the word ‘indebted’ in the second clause.


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