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Article Index
The ‘Our Father’ of My Childhood
The Contexts of the Story
The Historical Context of the Our Father
My Historical Context
Blending Contexts in an On-going History
Companions on the Way
The Word ‘Debt/Indebted’ in the Our Father
Main Focus on Luke 11:4
Usual Interpretation of ‘Sin’ and ‘Debt’
Larger Than Sin
Indebtedness in Jesus’ Historical Setting
Where has the Jubilee Year Gone?
Rabbi Hillel’s Prosbul
The Significance of the Word ‘Debt’
The Jubilee Year in the Lk 4:16-30
More Than Sin-Orientation: The Kingdom of God
Breaking Fixed or Petrified Perspectives
Re-reading Lk 11:4 Through Jesus’ Eyes
Re-reading Lk 11:4 Through the Eyes of an Awakened, Poor Jew
Re-reading Lk 11:4 in the Larger Context of Luke’s Gospel
Lk 18: 18-27: a Commentary on Luke’s ‘Our Father’.
Social Justice in the Larger Context of Luke-Acts
Re-reading Lk 11:4 in the Context of Acts 2 and 4
Re-reading Luke 11:4 in My Context
The Need for an Alternative Spirituality
Before We Part Ways: Time to Recharge and Refresh
As We Part
All Pages

More Than Sin-Orientation: The Kingdom of God. The aforementioned interpretation of the Jubilee in relation to Jesus’ mission is obviously influenced by a perspective which considers Jesus’ mission as essentially about dying for sin. That Jesus died for our sins is correct and biblical -- Paul and John have much to say about this.[16] But Jesus’ redemptive death is neither the over-arching purpose of his mission nor is it constitutive of the whole Jesus-story. We should not overlook the fact that, biblically and historically speaking, Jesus preached the Kingdom of God which, for our purposes, may be summarized as total salvation for humans and creation; it is a new world (universe), with a new history, with justice[17] as its core, and accordingly, with the good news of justice and liberation (or social justice) for the poor at its oft-mentioned and therefore most important blessing.[18] Hence, the Kingdom of God is more than salvation from sin; it is neither for disembodied souls. It is more about life-blessings for flesh and blood people, especially the poor and oppressed. It is concerned more with the liberation of humans from poverty, oppression and injustice which have always infested human history. Also, it is about the freedom of creation from decay and destructions caused by natural forces and human exploitation.[19]

Total salvation or the Kingdom of God was the over-arching purpose of Jesus’ mission. It is the thread that binds the whole Jesus-story whose core-events are Jesus’ public ministry, his death, resurrection and parousia.[20] This may require a bit of explanation: Historically, Jesus preached the Kingdom and showed that it had already begun to come through his prophetic preaching, healings and exorcisms.[21] He was eventually crucified because his Kingdom preaching and practice made him confront and irritate oppressive and unjust power-structures and the persons behind them.[22] (It is good to remember at this point that these persons and power-structures pushed the common people in Jesus’ time to the pit of indebtedness and slavery). Yet, God vindicated Jesus’ Kingdom-practice by resurrecting him (resurrection is a Kingdom blessing).[23] And in his parousia, Jesus will usher the final realization of the Kingdom.[24]

Having realized a more panoramic biblical understanding of the Kingdom of God, I suggest that we read Lk 11:4 in the Kingdom’s wider context. It is advised that we keep this in mind as we continue.


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